Category Archives: Mac Technology

Choose the Correct File System for Your Mac’s Internal or External Storage Device

When you put a new hard drive in your Mac—or connect an external one using FireWire or USB—you need to decide how to partition the drive and what file system to put on it. The easiest way to do that is with the Disk Utility in Applications/Utilities. After you start it, Disk Utility shows a list of all available disks along with all the volumes (partitions) present on those disks on the left side of the window. If you want to keep things simple, just select a disk, click on the “erase” tab and you can create a volume that uses the entire disk with a few mouse clicks.

mac-file-systemIf your needs are more complex, select the “partition” tab. There, you can divide the disk into several partitions. The advantage of having multiple partitions is that if one fails, the others may be unaffected. The downside is that you need to think about the size of the different partitions and keep track of which files go where. And copying files from one partition to another is slow, even slower than copying from one disk to another. Keep in mind that disk access is fastest on the outside of the disk, where the first partition is located. Whether you decide to partition the disk or not, the “options” button lets you set the type of “partition scheme” for the disk. There are three choices:

  • Apple Partition Map: this way of organizing a disk has been used with Macs for a long time. If you want to boot a PowerPC Mac from the disk, you need to use this partition scheme. However, you can’t put any FAT (MS-DOS/Windows-compatible) partitions on the disk.

  • Master Boot Record: this is how MSDOS and Windows organize a disk, so use this if you have an external drive that you also want to use with a Windows machine. It looks like you can also use the Mac OS Extended (HFS+) file system on disks with a master boot record, but it’s unlikely that older Mac OS versions support this.

  • GUID Partition Table: this is how Intel Macs organize their boot disks. You can put partitions with any of the supported file systems on a GUID disk, but only Macs running Mac OS 10.4 can access these disks.

In most cases, you’ll want to use Mac OS Extended (Journaled) as the “volume format” (file system). This supports all the Mac-specific functions such as aliases and resource/data forks. However, this isn’t your only choice. Depending on the partition scheme, these are the file systems Mac OS 10.4 supports:

  • Mac OS Extended or HFS+ is an improved version of Apple’s Hierarchical File System from the mid-1980s.

  • Mac OS Extended (Case Sensitive) is the same file system, but in this case, it treats file names that are the same but have different case as different. So the file text.txt is different from the file Text.txt and both can exist side by side. This matches the behavior of UNIX.

  • Mac OS Extended (Journaled) is also HFS+, but it has an extra mechanism that avoids corruption of the file system when something bad happens, such as loss of power during a write operation.

  • Mac OS Extended (Case Sensitive, Journaled) is HFS+ with a combination of case sensitivity and journaling.

  • MS-DOS File System is the older FAT filesystem used with MS-DOS and Windows. Note that you can’t have files of 4GB or bigger on a FAT volume.

  • UNIX File System (UFS) is exactly what the name suggests. Don’t use it unless you know you need to.

Use HFS+ with journaling if possible, especially on external drives. I’ve lost a lot of data because the FAT file system on a FireWire drive got corrupt after I accidentally turned off the drive while it was in use. After this, newer files started overwriting older ones, but I didn’t find out until a month later. And don’t format or partition an iPod using Disk Utility, because the iPod gets confused, even though it will function as an external drive.

In addition to the file systems listed above that you can use to format your drives with, Mac OS X has various levels of support for the following file systems:

  • HFS: the original Mac file system

  • NTFS: the Windows NT file system (read-only)

  • ISO-9660 (with various extensions): the file system for data CDs

  • UDF: the Universal Disk Format for DVDs

Get the correct way? That’s good, I do hope this post can help you a lot. But if you still need more technical support about Mac, you can visit our site whenever you want.

How to Access Hidden Files or System on Mac OS X

Sometimes due to some reasons, we need to hide some files we don’t want they are viewed by other people on our Mac. But a long time later you want to see these files, guess what happen? You don’t remember how to access the hidden files. Now what?

This experience may happens around us normally. This shot post offers you ways to solve this problem, let’s check it out.

Ways for Access Hidden Files or System

Accessing hidden folders from Finder

If you need to go to a system folder not visible through the “normal” Finder, do the following.

Once you have the Finder dialog open, press “Cmd+G”. Here, enter the path to the folder you want to open.

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Accessing hidden files or folders from a dialog

You can show hidden files from any file open dialog by pressing “Cmd+Shift+.”.

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If you want to always display hidden files (those starting with a dot or hidden through the extended file attributes), enter the following in a Terminal:

defaults write com.apple.finder AppleShowAllFiles TRUE

Then, reload the Finder by option-clicking its icon and selecting “Relaunch”.

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You can also toggle this “option” more easily with an AppleScript. See this post for instructions on how to save the AppleScript as an application that you can use to toggle the option without having to use a terminal.

Directly opening system files through the Terminal

As per Andrew’s comment above, of course you can just enter the following:

open -a TextEdit /etc/hosts

open -a TextEdit ~/.somehiddenfile

Or, even shorter:

open -t /etc/hosts

Since:

-t Causes the file to be opened with the default text editor, as determined via LaunchServices

Hope this post can help you a lot and you can access your files easily. If you want more technical support for your Mac like recovering files on Mac OS PC, view more articles on our site whenever you want.

Technical Support Article for Sharing Your iOS Device Files

It’s true that you can use your iPad instead of your Mac to take care of many common computing tasks. But unless you’re ready to ditch Mac OS X entirely, you’ll still need to transfer files back and forth between your iPad and your Mac if you’re going to get work done.

Unfortunately, transferring and synchronising files between the Mac and the tablet isn’t easy. There are several different ways to do it, but none are perfect, and each has its deficiencies. Frankly, this is one area where Apple could vastly improve the iPad experience. Until that happens, here are your choices when it comes to transferring files between your various devices.

iTunes

Apple’s officially endorsed route for file-transfers between iPad and Mac is via iTunes file-sharing. Unfortunately, it’s an amazingly clunky process.

For one thing, it only works with apps that support it. All of Apple’s iPad creation tools—Pages, Keynote, Numbers, GarageBand and iMovie—use iTunes to move files back and forth. Some third-party apps—e-readers, text editors and media creation tools—do too.

But even then, different apps use iTunes in different ways: Apple’s apps, for example, require you to select Save to iTunes when saving a document; other apps make their files available to iTunes automatically.

Worse, though, is the constant manual effort required to keep files in sync. By now, you probably know the routine: Connect your iPad directly to your Mac and open iTunes. Select your iPad in the iTunes source list and click on the Apps tab. Scroll down past the list of installed apps and look for the File Sharing section. Tap the app you want to copy a file from, so its files appear in the Documents pane. Drag one or more of those files to the Desktop (while holding down Option key) to copy them there, or use the Save To button to open a traditional save dialog. If you update a file on your Mac and want to send it back to the iPad, you must then drag that changed file back into iTunes, onto the correct app’s document list again.

It’s hardly elegant.

I have yet to find any solution—an AppleScript, an Automator workflow, a third-party utility—that makes this process any easier. For that reason, I use iTunes file-sharing as an extra backup for lengthy Pages documents and GarageBand projects, but for little else. The workflow required to work on a single file from both your Mac and your iPad is simply too awkward for more frequent use.

Cloud Storage

When I think about file synchronisation, I immediately think of Dropbox (free for 2GB). The service is great at keeping files in sync between my computers. So how does it fare at syncing files between Macs and iPads?

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Unfortunately, Dropbox on the iPad is merely adequate—but not through any fault of its own. The Dropbox app, like numerous other cloud storage services (including MobileMe iDisk), offers an easy way to access any files and folders you store with the service. Dropbox’s app makes it a cinch to view any data that’s in iOS-friendly formats, including Word and Pages documents, PDFs, text files, and images. Even better, Dropbox and others like it offer you the option of opening your synced files in their compatible iPad apps; you can, for example, use the Dropbox app to send a word-processing document to Pages.

The flaw in this process is that there’s no way to send the updated file back to Dropbox again from within Pages again. Because of limitations in how iOS currently operates, cloud-storage apps are a one-way street on the iPad. It’s simple to get files from Dropbox into an app, but you can’t send them back to Dropbox when you’re done.

There is one sort-of workaround. In apps that support WebDAV–such as Pages—you can use DropDAV (free for 2GB) to access your Dropbox folder. DropDAV lets you interact with your Dropbox files via a traditional WebDAV connection. Since Pages lets you open files from a remote WebDAV server, you can get your document and edit it on your tablet. Just remember that you’re working on a local copy. When you’re ready to save, you must manually publish your document back to the DropDAV-created WebDAV server. It’s definitely the easiest way to approximate the Dropbox Mac experience on your iPad, but it’s still far from seamless.

Cloud-Compatible Apps

There are some iPad apps that have built-in support for cloud storage (most commonly Dropbox). In fact, Dropbox’s Website lists more than 130 apps that integrate with the service in some way.

There’s a slew of Dropbox-compatible iPad text editors, for example, including Elements ($5.00), iA Writer ($1.19), and Textastic ($12.99). With those editors, syncing feels seamless; your changes save directly into Dropbox; changes you make on your Mac are picked up almost immediately on your iPad. There’s no need to connect your iPad to your Mac; the process feels effortless.

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Besides text editors, the list of Dropbox-compatible apps includes full-fledged word processors such as DocumentsToGo ($19.99), QuickOffice ($5.99), and Office2 ($7.99); file readers like ReaddleDocs ($5.99) and GoodReader ($5.99); audio note apps like DropVox ($1.19), Audio Memos ($1.19), Mobile Recorder ($1.19), and Smart Recorder ($3.99), and many more. When apps let you open and save documents directly from and to Dropbox, sane file management becomes painless.

Apple’s iPad apps don’t integrate with Dropbox, but they do work with MobileMe iDisk. Unfortunately, their integration with it isn’t nearly as smooth as you get with the best of the Dropbox apps. Publishing to iDisk is too much like iTunes File Sharing; you’re copying your file to the remote server, instead of maintaining a single, always-in-sync version.

But what Apple’s iWork suite lacks in syncing quality, it attempts to make up for in the number of ways you can sync: Besides iDisk, you can share iWork documents via iWork.com, send them to iTunes, or copy them via WebDAV. None of those options matches the simplicity of the Dropbox-enabled apps I’ve used. The DropDAV service mentioned earlier helps a bit, but lacks all the niceties that true Dropbox integration can offer.

Email

Unless and until Apple and other vendors build full two-way sync into their apps, the next best thing is email.

Email, of course, is no closer to true realtime synchronising than iTunes File Sharing; you’re still sending copies of your file back and forth, and you have to be careful that you’re always working on the latest version. But emailing offers a couple distinct advantages over the iTunes model.

First, you don’t have to connect your iPad to your Mac. Second, emails include date-stamps, so you don’t need to guess whether you’re working with the most recent version of a file; you can see precisely when you sent it to yourself.

If you plan to rely on email file transfers a lot, it may be worth creating special rules in your mail client of choice to handle these special messages. For example, in Gmail I created a filter that looks for messages that are both from me and to me, and that contain attachments. Those messages get a Files tag and are archived; this way, the Mail app on my iPad shows them neatly tucked into a folder with the same name.

OK, just enjoy reading article about Mac or iOS devices on our site to get more technical support what you need.

How to Manage Stock Menu Bar Items on Mac OS X

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When you initially install OS X, there are a few items that are placed in your menu bar by default. There are a couple of ways to go about adding or removing stock OS items from your menu bar in an effort to keep it tidy and organized.

In this tutorial, we’ll cover some of the basic menu bar management tips for stock menu bar items. This includes basic tips on rearranging, removing, and adding items back to the menu bar. We’ve also got a handy video showcasing some of the basic concepts of stock menu bar item management. Have a look inside for more details.

Removing items from the menu bar

Items can be removed from the menu bar by unchecking the menu bar option in the item’s preferences, or by a simple ⌘+drag away from menu bar and release.

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To do so by means of the item’s preferences, open the Preferences app and navigate to the section containing your particular menu bar item. Once there, uncheck the “show in menu bar” option and you should see the associated menu bar item immediately disappear. You can add items back by checking the menu bar option; they should reappear immediately.

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Rearranging items in the menu bar

Stock menu bar items can be easily rearranged using the same ⌘+drag mentioned in the removal section above; the only difference is, instead of dragging them out of the menu bar and releasing, you position your cursor on the menu bar at the place you’d like the item to reside and release.

Just like the previous section mentioned, rearranging menu bar items can only be done with stock items. You cannot do this with third party apps that place items in the menu bar. There is another utility that we will cover in a future post that allows you to better manage all menu bar items, and that includes third party items as well.

A few exceptions

While most of the stock menu bar icons such as Time Machine, time, user, Bluetooth, AirPlay, Wi-Fi, sound and various others can be moved and removed with no issue, there are a few exceptions to the rules. Spotlight search can neither be removed or moved to a different area of the screen. It will always occupy the second to right-most portion of your menu bar. The other exception is Notification Center, which is the right-most app icon available in the menu bar. It should be mentioned that you can’t even hide these icons by unchecking their menu bar options in the Preferences app; these two particular menu bar items are here to stay.

That’s about as far as you can take menu bar management without the help of additional utilities. As you can see, managing the menu bar is quite limited with stock OS X, but a whole new can of worms can be opened up with a handy third party utility. We’ll be back with more examples and tips on managing the menu bar in OS X. In the meantime, leave us a comment below discussing how you manage the menu bar items on your system.

To share your opinions, just feel free to visit our site. Or you may also read articles about recovering files for your Mac if you visit Mac data loss problem.

Save More Space for Your Mac Hard Drive

I love my MacBook Air. It is a workhorse in an insanely portable package. I do, however, have one complaint: The hard drive. It is small. Think smaller than an iPod classic. So I’ve been forced to come up with some tricks to both maximize my existing space as well as keep the space I have tidy.

In this tutorial, I will share a few of these tricks. Let’s check them out.

A Megabyte Saved Is a Megabyte Earned

manage-mac-file-1Finding and removing large files or duplicates is a great way to create and maintain free space on your hard drive.

Click the Finder icon on your dock. Finder will launch in All Files mode. You will be presented with a list of files already sorted by size. In fact, Finder will even group these files. Example groups are 1-100 MB or 100 MB-10 GB.

Start going through the files in the largest file group. Trash any file that is either a duplicate or no longer needed. If you must keep the file, that is ok. I will show you how to offload it to the cloud later on in this tutorial.

Deleting the file won’t free up the space on your hard drive. You must permanently remove it by emptying your trash. To empty your trash, move your cursor down to the trash can icon on your dock and secondary click on it. Choose Empty Trash. You will be prompted for a confirmation that you wish to permanently erase all the items in Trash. Confirm by clicking Empty Trash.

If You Can’t Delete It, Zip It

Archiving, or zipping, if you will, is a technique in which you can take one or many files and convert them into a single compressed file called an archive. For this example, I will demonstrate on a single file, but keep in mind that this will work on a folder containing multiple files as well.

I’ve downloaded a video tutorial file and placed it on my desktop. By secondary clicking on the file, then choosing Get Info, you see this file is 72.6 MB in size.

Now, secondary click that same file, but this time I will choose Compress “TogglingV2.mp4”. You will note a second file has appeared. This is a .zip, or compressed, version of that file. By checking the size of this compressed file, you will see a small, but noticeable size reduction. The more files you compress, the more space you will free up!

There are several better third party compression tools out there. I would encourage you to learn more about compression to help minimize the size of all the large files you keep on your hard drive.

Use Cloud Storage

manage-mac-file-2Cloud storage is using a 3rd party server space to securely store files. Much like with the aforementioned Time Capsule, using a service like Dropbox, Box.net, Google Drive, or iCloud can significantly help toward maximizing your storage space. Sign up for one or all of these free services and start offloading files to their computers, thereby freeing up space on yours. As long as you have internet access, you’ll have access to your files.

If you use or store a lot of Pages, Numbers, or Keynote files, I would recommend using iCloud as their default save location. It is built right in to OSX.

The best part is that you can access any of those documents without your computer! You can access, edit, and save them from your iPhone, iPad, or even a borrowed PC via the web browser.

To access the docs bring up a web browser and go to www.icloud.com. Log in with your AppleID credentials, then choose the type of file you would like to access. Any files you have saved to the cloud will be listed there.

Double click on the document and you will be brought to a fresh browser screen with a user interface remarkably similar to the native application.

Conclusion

Nowadays files seem to be getting larger and larger, leaving us, as end users, scrambling to find ways to better manage our storage. Using just one or two of the techniques above will help you keep a clean hard drive with more available space.

You can read more articles on our site about Mac file manage or Mac file rescue . Enjoy!

How to use the Finder to Manage Files and Folders

The Finder is the file management application on the Mac. The Finder can be used to navigate your hard drive and display the contents of the folders and subfolders you use to organize your files on your hard drive. The Finder is always running in the background (its icon on the dock will always have a small triangle underneath it to let you know the application is running), and it is the active program any time you click on the desktop.

The Finder interface has several parts to it:

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The Title Bar: shows you the name of the folder you are currently in, as well as some buttons located on the upper left corner that can be used to work with open windows.

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The red button (which will have an x when you hover over it) can be used to close a window, while the middle yellow button (which will have a minus sign when you hover over it) can be used to minimize a window to the dock. The green button (it will have a plus sign when you hover over it) can be used to maximize a window to be as large as it needs to be to show all of its contents. The maximize button also toggles between window sizes. When you click on it after resizing a window, it will return you to the previous size. To resize a window, all you need to do is drag from the lower right-hand corner (where you will see a series of lines in the shape of a triangle).

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On the upper right corner of the title bar is a small button that allows you to switch between the OS X window style and the Classic window style, which lacks the side bar, the toolbar, and the status bar.

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You can change your preferences so that double-clicking on the toolbar minimizes the open window to the dock. To set this preference, select System Preferences from the Apple menu, then Appearance, and check the box next to Minimize when double clicking a window title bar.

The Menu Bar: this area of the interface includes the menu options you will use while working with your files and folders. You can use the File menu to create a new folder by selecting File, New Folder (or using the keyboard shortcut Command + Shift + N).

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The Edit menu contains the copy, cut, and paste commands. Using the View menu, you change how the contents of your folders are displayed in the Finder. You can display your folders as icons, as a list, or in list view (each time you click a folder, its contents will be displayed on the next column to the right). Another menu option you might use a lot is the Go menu, which gives you quick access to the most commonly used folders (such as Applications, Movies, Pictures, and Music). The Go menu also has a Connect to Server… option that can be used to connect to other computers.

The Standard Toolbar: allows you to navigate your folders using back and forward buttons that work like their counterparts in a web browser. The toolbar also has the view buttons that allow you to quickly change how folders and files are displayed.

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You can select icon view by clicking on the button with the four squares, list view by clicking on the button with the lines, and column view by clicking on the button with the columns (you can also use the keyboard shortcuts Command + 1, 2, or 3 to access these views). Next to the view buttons is an Action button that allows you to perform a lot of the actions available from the File and Edit menus.

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On the right hand side of the toolbar is the Search window, which can be used to search the contents of your hard drive for files or folders matching your search terms. You can customize the appearance of the toolbar by choosing View, Customize Toolbar… and dragging buttons from the window that opens up to the toolbar.

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You can also drag separators to organize the buttons on your toolbar into categories. If you want to return your toolbar to its default state, drag the default set of buttons from the Customize window to the toolbar.

The Side Bar: shows the most commonly used folders, such as your Applications folder where your programs are installed, and the default save locations for Documents, Movies, Music, and Pictures. At the top of the side bar, you will see the drives installed on your computer, including CD drives and any removable drives such as flash drives.

The Status Bar: the bottom portion of the Explorer window displays information about the folder you have open, such as the number of items (the number of files and subfolders in that folder) and the amount of free space left on the currently selected drive.

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That’s what we can share to you. Feel free to view more on our site about your Mac file rescue or protection information.

Solution for Solving Running out of Mac Hard Drive Space Situation

Running out of hard drive space is incredibly annoying. OS X needs a good amount of free space to function properly so as things get full not only will you be unable to download or transfer large files, you’ll start to get panicked warnings from the operating system. While hard drives keep getting bigger and cheaper, solid state drives do not. If you have a 2TB HD in your machine you’ll be okay for longer. If you have a 128, 256, or even 512GB SSD, however, things can get full and fast. So what do you do? If you can’t or simply don’t want to upgrade your HD or SSD drive to something bigger, the first step is identifying what’s causing the problem, then figuring out what you get rid of to free back up that precious empty space!

How to find out what’s taking up the most space on your Mac’s hard drive

The best way to find out what’s eating up space on your Mac is to download a third party program that can analyze and break down what’s using the most space. There are several tools that can do this, both in and out of the Mac App Store.

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The first two options I’d recommend trying are Mac App Store offerings. Disk Diag is a dead simple utility that shows you what’s eating space and how much. It also estimates how much space you can free up. If you just need a few gigs or aren’t in desperate need, it should be passable. Just don’t expect to clear out hundreds of gigs with it.

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DaisyDisk is more advanced and offers a much better breakdown. Not only can you analyze your entire hard drive, DaisyDisk tells you exactly what’s eating the most space whether that’s photos, applications, or something else. It’s perfect for people who don’t necessarily know what is eating space on their hard drive and have no idea where to begin.

Download folder

The first place I always look when trying to clear out my hard drive is my downloads folder. They’re not always as large as media files but they’re often much less important to you as well. I always find tons of disk images, large graphics files, and tons of other crap I don’t need anymore. For most people the downloads folder is a temporary dumping ground for things. After you’ve got it cleared out, try and make a habit of cleaning it out regularly. (And yes, once you move things to the trash, empty it. Your disk isn’t really cleaned up until you’ve take then trash out!)

Movie, TV, music, and app files

The most common offenders when it comes to eating up storage space are media files. Large videos like movies, multiple smaller videos like TV shows or home movies, or even massive amounts of tiny files like music and apps can all add up. One HD movie can take up 4-6GB. A single HD TV show can take up 1GB or more (that can be 10-20+GB a season!). iOS game files can be 1-2GB as well in some cases.

If you’ve downloaded movies or TV shows from iTunes in the past and you’re done watching them, you can also get back tons of space by removing the physical copies. You can either transfer them up to an external drive for safe keeping or, if you’re not adverse to it, simply trust in Apple’s iCloud service. That lets you stream content to your Apple TV or re-download it to your iOS devices or iTunes on your Mac whenever you want. (Sometimes studios pull their movies or shows from iTunes, so it’s a risk, but it doesn’t happen often and they usually return. If in doubt, however, move them to an external drive instead!)

Mail attachments

If you use Apple’s Mail app or another third party app, your Mac is saving email attachments and message archives unless you’ve told it not to or route attachments elsewhere, like to Dropbox. If you don’t do any of that, pay attention to how much data is stored in Mail.app and see if you can do some house cleaning there as well. Sort by attachments and delete all those old, joke PPT files chuck full of images and movies you never wanted your friends or family to email you anyway!

Cache files

Sometimes apps you frequently use and web browsers save data in order to load things faster. They do it to speed things up and make for a better, faster experience when you go back to those sites again. While it never hurts to delete them, and they will be rebuilt, they’re nowhere nearly as big as some of the other offenders and the system does a pretty good job at managing them nowadays.

How do you clear space out on your Mac?

Have you ever run out of storage space on your Mac? If so, how did you remedy the problem? Let me know in the comments! Just feel free to read more post on our site.